More and more Germans fly on drones. According to dronestudie.de alone, over 1.3 million drones will be purchased in 2018 alone. 1.22 million private users blow up their aircraft. In 2017, it was “only” 1.1 million.
The drone guide from LEAD gives you an overview.
How are the drones offered on the market different?
Drones are now available for every type and every budget. They are subdivided into three main categories: If you want to fly a drone in the park in between, but also do not ask for more from your UFO, you can use the toy drone. In bad weather, little stable, built from cheaper materials, but just cheap. From about 60 euros it starts.
The second category is that of semi-professional drones weighing between 250 grams and two kilograms. Significantly more durable, with higher three-digit prices correspondingly more expensive – special knowledge to steer but not needed. For heavier drones over two kilos in weight, a drone driver’s license is required.
These are more likely to be used in the business sector and are therefore not priced affordable for home users. For example, the new DJI Mavic 2 Enterprise, which has just been launched in October, will cost a whopping 2299 euros. But it also brings with it many functions of airspace protection. To control such a drone an official permit is necessary.
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When am I allowed to raise a drone at all?
This is now regulated by law. The free flight is allowed during the day for drones weighing up to five kilos. If you want to let go of an even more massive drone on humanity or even plans night flights, but requires the permission of the Land Aviation Authority.
How high can I raise my drone?
Again, there is a clear rule that has set the Federal Ministry of Transport. You are allowed to fly up to 100 meters above the ground. In addition, there is a ban, but applies to many hobby pilots the principle: where no plaintiff, because no judge. Who controls the pilots in the field?
Where should I not let my drone fly?
Places where police or fire departments are deployed must not be used by private users. The same applies to flying over hospitals, crowds, prisons, military sites, factories or nature conservation areas.
What about flying in residential areas?
You just want to get out the front door and let your drone do a few laps? This is allowed unless your drone weighs more than 250 grams.
My drone has a camera. Can I film everywhere?
No. You can not watch your neighbors cooking, watching TV and … no, let’s just … watch over your camera built into the drone. When flying over residential areas, video and sound recordings are generally prohibited.
Unless the owner of the condominium or tenant agrees to the overflight and / or recordings. But which owner or tenant does that already? And which drone pilot goes from house to house to get written permits? Just.
Do I still need to see my drone when it flies?
Drones up to five kilos may fly only within sight of the pilot. If you use a video glasses, you can fly up to a maximum height of 30 meters. This also applies only to drones that weigh no more than 250 grams.
Since October 2017, additional requirements have been added: drones over 250 grams require a fireproof badge with name and address of the owner, even in case the drone really gets out of sight, an escort can not warn you and the aircraft gets lost.
Can I also use my drone near airports?
No, you have to keep a safe distance of at least 1.5 kilometers to an airport. Studies show that this year there are almost 50 percent more drone incidents in German airspace reported by pilots of large aircraft.
“We do not see the drones on the radar and they are usually too small to be seen by a pilot early enough. That’s why they can become a threat to commercial aircraft, especially around airports, “explains Deutsche Flugversicherung.
Is it worth it to insure my drone separately?
No. Silke Kursawe, insurance expert at the independent portal finanztip.de, explains: “If you only use your drone privately, you do not have to take out your own drone liability insurance, as normal private liability is usually enough.” You should, however, check the conditions and the fine print study your liability insurance again.
If you do not find what you’re looking for in terms of drone-related claims, it’s a good idea to check with your insurance company to see if drone damage is covered. If that’s not the case, you should switch your insurance to a tariff with a drone. Kursawe recommends a sum insured of at least 10 million euros. Important: Make sure there are no restrictions on the weight of the drone.
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